Tools and initiatives for forest development

Organization: AIFM & RMFM/CESEFOR

Facilitator: Ms. Patricia SfeIr  (SEEDS-INT) 

Rapporteur: Mr. Abdelhamid Khaldi (EFIMED) 


The idea of forestry cooperation between the countries of the Mediterranean rim was born in 1911 with the Mediterranean forest league, called Silva Mediterranea. Since then, Mediterranean forests have been the subject of numerous cooperation mechanisms and various partnerships. Many initiatives have emerged to unite the different actions and improve the exchange of knowledge and skills across the Mediterranean Basin:

  • Evaluation of the Silva Mediterranea Committee in 2013 and the CPMF in 2014.
  • Draft convention on European forests (LBA - legally binding Agreement), currently under discussion within the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (Forest Europe)
  • Adoption of the new Forest Strategy for Europe in 2013
  • Organization of the Mediterranean Forest Weeks in Antalya in 2010, Avignon in 2011 and Tlemcen in 2013; adoption, by the ministers, of the State of Mediterranean forests 2013 (SoMF), of the Strategic Framework on Mediterranean Forests (SFMF) and of the declaration of Tlemcen
  • Launch of the FP7 Research program (European Union Seventh Framework Programme for Research), including the project to reinforce the scientific cooperation and coordination of Mediterranean forest research (FORESTERRA) in 2012, and the Mediterranean Network of Forestry Research and Innovation project (MENFRI) in 2013
  • Launch of COST research projects (European Cooperation in Science and Technology), including the COST Action on the adaptation of marginal and peripheral forest populations to climate change (MaP- FGR) in 2012
  • Implementation of regional cooperation projects in the MENA countries funded by the French Global Environment Fund (FFEM) and the German Development Cooperation (GIZ) since 2010
  • Implementation of the Erasmus Mundus Master degree MEDfOR (Mediterranean Forestry and Natural Resources Management), first Master degree on the issues of Mediterranean forests
  • Establishment of the Collaborative Partnership on Mediterranean Forests (CPMF) in 2010
  • Launch of the Mediterranean Model Forest Network (MMFN) in 2008
  • Creation of EFIMED, Mediterranean Regional Office of EFI, in 2007
  • Development of European Neighbourhood Programmes (ENPI/IEVP) for countries of the South and East of the Mediterranean since 2007
  • Implementation of European cooperation programs in the Mediterranean area, such as the programs INTERREG, MEDOCC and MED
  • First evaluation of the Silva Mediterranea Committee by Mohamed Skouri and Placido Plaza in 1999
  • Creation of the International Association for Mediterranean Forests (AIFM) in 1996
  • Evolution of Silva Mediterranea from an association to a statutory body of FAO in 1948


What are exactly these initiatives? What are the achievements and tools developed as part of these initiatives to support forest development? How have these tools been defined? What are the gaps and needs identified (gap analysis)? How are these tools consequently considered and implemented in international, national and regional policies? Do these tools have an impact in forest policies?


The first part of the session will allow for a deeper understanding of past and present initiatives on forest development in the Mediterranean. In this way, achievements of the MED programs, particularly the capitalization project MEDLAND 2020 which brings together 13 projects (including the projects QUALIGOUV, FOR CLIMADAPT, SYLVAMED and PROFORBIOMED), of the FORESTERRA project of GIZ-CPMF regional project, of the FFEM/FAO/Plan Bleu project, the Mediterranean Model Forest Network, the MENFRI project as well as other action in the Mediterranean region will be discussed. The achievements of these initiatives will be presented thematically, in three axes that stand out clearly in the various projects and actions of these recent years:

  • Governance, both in terms of forest management and the integration in the territory, or how the participation of different stakeholders helps to support and boost sustainable forest development. 
  • Climate change, or how the adaptation to the effects of global change (impact assessment, data integration in policy guidelines) supports decision making, long-term planning and sustainable forest development. 
  • Innovation for Forest Development, through the achievements of the project MENFRI in particular. 

An analysis of these projects and tools will allow for a gap analysis, both in terms of research and management in the field.

Part 1: Synthesis of the past and current initiatives and gap analysis.

The session will last 1h45 and will be structured in two parts with synthesis, communications and a time for discussion.

Part 2: Tools and national forestry politics The second part of the session will be devoted to the presentation of two national forest strategies:

  • The “Plan de Activación Socioeconómica del Sector Forestal” adopted in 2014 in Spain.
  • The third national forest strategy adopted in 2014 in Tunisia, for the next ten years.

The presentation of the new national forest strategies will, among others, allow to analyze how the tools mentioned above, and in particular the three objectives of the Strategic Framework for Mediterranean forests, have been taken into account in national forest policy orientations.

This second part will be followed by a time for questions and discussion, and finally, a synthesis identifying priorities and leads for future actions.


Ms. Marine Lovero (AIFM)

Mr. Riccardo Castellini (RMFM/CESEFOR) 



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